Coriandrum sativum, popularly called coriander, cilantro, chinese parsley or dania, is an annual herb in the family Apiaceae. All parts of the plant are edible, but the fresh leaves and the dried seeds are the parts most traditionally used in cooking It is the only species of the genus Coriandrum, which is also the only member of the Coriandreae tribe.
Its origins seem uncertain, although it is generally considered native to northern Africa and southern Europe.
Annual plant that reaches about 40 or 60 cm in height. It has erect stems, compound leaves, white flowers and aromatic fruits. It is commonly used in Mediterranean, Indian, Latin American, Chinese and Southeast Asian cuisine. All parts of the plant are edible, but fresh leaves and dried seeds are generally used.
In Mexico its use is very extensive, it is used in the preparation of meat tacos, salads as “pico de gallo”, sauces and moles, flavoring in soups and broths, and fresh and chopped as a dressing of different types of appetizers.
Cultivation takes place in a temperate climate with temperatures between 15-18º C. in volcanic, siliceous-clay and calcareous soils. at altitudes from zero to 1,000 meters above sea level